Robert J. House
Eugene M. Fodor
Research on leadership in the 1960s and early 1970s was pre-dominantly concerned with identifying leader behaviors that had a significant impact on follower attitudes, behavior, and performance. During this period, a major portion of this research was conceived within a transactional or exchange framework of leader/follower relationships. Research in the late 1970s and 1980s, however, included not only tests and extensions of transactional theories but also an emphasis on a new class of theories referred to as charismatic or transformational theories of leadership.
In this chapter, we contrast transactional and charismatic ...