Chapter 1

1.Wagstyl (2011).

2.Van Agtmael (2007).

3.Population Reference Bureau (2010).

4.United Nations Statistics Division (2011).

5.International Monetary Fund (2012).

6.Khanna and Krishna (2010).

7.Van Agtmael (2007).

8.The term Next Eleven originates from Jim O’Neill of Goldman Sachs and includes 11 large and promising emerging markets other than the BRIC countries: Bangladesh, Egypt, Indonesia, Iran, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, South Korea, Turkey and Vietnam.

Chapter 2

1.International Monetary Fund (2012).

2.The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2012).

3.International Monetary Fund (2012).

4.BP Statistical Review of World Energy (2011).

5.Kalkman, Nordin and Yahia (2007).

6.Ezzine, ...

Get The Emerging Markets of the Middle East now with the O’Reilly learning platform.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from nearly 200 publishers.