Frontispiece. Saint Barbara, 15th-century German or French polychromed walnut sculpture. 127.0 × 58.4 × 33.0 cm (50 × 23 × 13 in.). The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond. The Williams Fund, 1968.
1-1. Impressed tablet from Godin Tepe, Iran. West Asian Department, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto.
1-2. Facsimile of the cuneiform impression on a clay tablet, after Hansard.
1-3. The Pyramids at Giza, from The Iconographic Encyclopaedia of Science, Literature, and Art by Johann Georg Heck, 1851.
1-4. Egyptian Old Kingdom False Door Stele, limestone. The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond. Museum Purchase: The Williams Fund.
1-5. Cuneiform tablet. Sumero-Akkadian. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Acquired by exchange with J. Pierpont Morgan Library, 1911.
1-6. Photograph of Stonehenge; courtesy of the British Tourist Authority.
1-7. Egyptian polychromed wood sculpture, XVIII–XIX Dynasty. Ushabti. The Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond. Museum Purchase: The Williams Fund, 1955.
1-8. The Book of the Dead of Tuthmosis III. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Gift of Horace L. Meyer.
1-10. Phoenician inscription. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The Cesnola Collection. Purchased by subscription, 1874–76.
1-12. Photograph of the Parthenon; courtesy of the Greek National Tourist Office.
1-13. Photograph of Greek record of sale; Agora Excavations, American School of Classical Studies, Athens.
1-15. Photograph of a wall in Pompeii, by James Mosley.