Output Filters

An output filter is given a bucket brigade, does whatever it does, and hands a new brigade (or brigades) down to the next filter in the output filter stack. To be used at all, a filter must first be registered. This is normally done in the hook registering function by calling ap_register_output_filter(), like so:

ap_register_output_filter("filter name",filter_function,AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE);

where the first parameter is the name of the filter — this can be used in the configuration file to specify when a filter should be used. The second is the actual filter function, and the third says what type of filter it is (the possible types being AP_FTYPE_RESOURCE, AP_FTYPE_CONTENT_SET, AP_FTYPE_PROTOCOL, AP_FTYPE_TRANSCODE, AP_FTYPE_CONNECTION or AP_FTYPE_NETWORK). In reality, all the type does is determine where in the stack the filter appears. The filter function is called by the filter above it in the stack, which hands it its filter structure and a bucket brigade.

Once the filter is registered, it can be invoked either by configuration, or for more complex cases, the module can decide whether to insert it in the filter stack. If this is desired, the thing to do is to hook the “insert filter” hook, which is called when the filter stack is being set up. A typical hook would look like this:


where filter_inserter() is a function that decides whether to insert the filter, and if so, inserts it. To do the insertion ...

Get Apache: The Definitive Guide, 3rd Edition now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.