Characteristics of a microservices architecture

Microservices architecture is more of a concept than a defined architecture with a specific set of requirements. It's a better way to achieve the software, which is built to scale reliably and responsively.

James Lewis and Martin Fowler laid out the following characteristics which typically come with microservices:

  • Componentization via services: A component is a unit of software that is independently replaceable and upgradeable. The advantage of using services as components (rather than libraries) in a whole system, is that services are independently deployable.
  • Organized around business capabilities: Services directly reflect the business capabilities, and achieve the related business processes ...

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