13

Environmental Impact Assessment and Audit

13.1 INTRODUCTION

In order to obtain the Environmental Clearance (EC) a company/agency/project proponent has to submit the data on the proposed project in the form of an Environmental Report. The most commonly required type of the report is called the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report. The EIA report is an applicant’s report submitted to the concerned sanctioning authority which describes the project and its potential impacts on physical, bio-chemical, and socio-economic components of the environment. The primary purpose of EIA is to ensure that environmental considerations are made an integral part of the agency’s or proponent’s decision making process.

13.2 EIA: The component terms

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