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Essentials of Computer Organization and Architecture, 5th Edition by Null

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4.13 A DISCUSSION ON DECODING: HARDWIRED VERSUS MICROPROGRAMMED CONTROL

How does the control unit really function? We have done some hand waving and simply assumed that everything works as described, with a basic understanding that, for each instruction, the control unit causes the CPU to execute a sequence of steps correctly. In reality, there must be control signals to assert lines on various digital components to make things happen as described (recall the various digital components from Chapter 3). For example, when we perform an Add instruction in MARIE in assembly language, we assume the addition takes place because the control signals for the ALU are set to “add” and the result is put into the AC. The ALU has various control lines that ...

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