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Indian Administration by Pankaj Singh, Hoshiar Singh

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27

Administration for Welfare

India is a vast country inhabited by people of several religions and castes. In this country, caste is the basic institution of the social system. The concept of divine origin of the caste system has the authority of the holiest Hindu scriptures. Rig veda describes the creation of four varnas. Taithiya Samhita ascribes the origin of chaturvarna from the limbs of the creator and gives divine justification of their functions and status. In Gita, Lord Krishna says: ‘the four-fold order was created by me, on the basis of quality and action. ’ Thus, ‘all the Hindu dharma shastras take caste for granted. All Puranas assume the existence of caste and look upon it as a permanent order of society.’1 Further, the dharma shastras ...

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