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Indian Administration by Pankaj Singh, Hoshiar Singh

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Issues in Indian Administration

Political and Permanent Executive

India opted for parliamentary democracy after Independence on the lines of the British parliamentary system. In parliamentary democracy, the relationship between political and permanent executive is very important and crucial for its smooth working. Therefore, it is essential to know the pattern of relationship between political and permanent executive emerging in our democratic working. In this chapter, this relationship will be discussed mainly under three heads namely, (i) relation between the minister and the secretary, (ii) political interference in administration, and (iii) neutrality of the civil service.

The Relationship Between Minister and Secretary

It is the duty ...

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