Praise for the *Third Edition*

**"This book provides in-depth coverage of modelling techniques used throughout many branches of actuarial science. . . . The exceptional high standard of this book has made it a pleasure to read."** —*Annals of Actuarial Science*

Newly organized to focus exclusively on material tested in the Society of Actuaries' Exam C and the Casualty Actuarial Society's Exam 4, *Loss Models: From Data to Decisions, Fourth Edition* continues to supply actuaries with a practical approach to the key concepts and techniques needed on the job. With updated material and extensive examples, the book successfully provides the essential methods for using available data to construct models for the frequency and severity of future adverse outcomes.

The book continues to equip readers with the tools needed for the construction and analysis of mathematical models that describe the process by which funds flow into and out of an insurance system. Focusing on the loss process, the authors explore key quantitative techniques including random variables, basic distributional quantities, and the recursive method, and discuss techniques for classifying and creating distributions. Parametric, non-parametric, and Bayesian estimation methods are thoroughly covered along with advice for choosing an appropriate model.

New features of this *Fourth Edition* include:

Expanded discussion of working with large data sets, now including more practical elements of constructing decrement tables

Added coverage of methods for simulating several special situations

An updated presentation of Bayesian estimation, outlining conjugate prior distributions and the linear exponential family as well as related computational issues

Throughout the book, numerous examples showcase the real-world applications of the presented concepts, with an emphasis on calculations and spreadsheet implementation. A wealth of new exercises taken from previous Exam C/4 exams allows readers to test their comprehension of the material, and a related FTP site features the book's data sets.

*Loss Models, Fourth Edition* is an indispensable resource for students and aspiring actuaries who are preparing to take the SOA and CAS examinations. The book is also a valuable reference for professional actuaries, actuarial students, and anyone who works with loss and risk models.

To explore our additional offerings in actuarial exam preparation visit `www.wiley.com/go/c4actuarial`

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- Cover
- Half Title page
- Title page
- Copyright page
- Preface
- Part I: Introduction
- Part II: Actuarial Models
- Part III: Construction of Empirical Models
- Part IV: Parametric Statistical Methods
- Part V: Credibility
- Part VI: Simulation
- Appendix A: An Inventory of Continuous Distributions
- Appendix B: An Inventory of Discrete Distributions
- Appendix C: Frequency and Severity Relationships
- Appendix D: The Recursive Formula
- Appendix E: Discretization of the Severity Distribution
- Appendix F: Numerical Optimization and Solution of Systems of Equations
- References
- Index