1 Margaret Martonosi (professor, Princeton University), interview by Russ Mitchell for Kevin Maney, June 2010.

2 Marine Institute, “SmartBay Environmental Monitoring System Installed in Galway Bay,” news release, July 2010,; IBM, “IBM and Marine Institute Ireland Netting Results in Galway’s ‘SmartBay’ Project,” news release, March 16, 2009,

3 Geoffrey B. Austrian, Herman Hollerith: Forgotten Giant of Information Processing (New York: Columbia University Press, 1982), 50–70; Paul Ceruzzi, A History of Modern Computing (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1998), 26.

4 “Robert William Bemer,” The ...

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