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Optical Communications, 2nd Edition

Book Description

This updated edition concentrates on modern analysis and design. Includes new material in the key areas of digital communications, fiber optics, lightwave networks, atmospheric channels and space links--all of which are now critical topics in optical applications. Contains brief sections on optical hardware and device descriptions. Features new homework problems and references.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. Dedication
  5. Contents
  6. PREFACE
  7. Conversion Formulas
    1. PHYSICAL CONSTANTS
    2. CONVERSION FACTORS
    3. OPTICAL FREQUENCIES AND WAVELENGTHS
  8. 1: THE OPTICAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
    1. 1.1 OPTICAL SYSTEMS
    2. 1.2 OPTICAL SOURCES, MODULATORS, AND BEAM FORMERS
    3. 1.3 TRANSMITTED OPTICAL FIELDS
    4. 1.4 OPTICAL SPACE CHANNELS
    5. 1.5 THE FIBER OPTICAL CHANNEL
    6. 1.6 FIELD EXPANSIONS
    7. 1.7 RANDOM FIELDS
    8. 1.8 OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS
    9. PROBLEMS
    10. REFERENCES
  9. 2: OPTICAL FIELD RECEPTION
    1. 2.1 FIELD FOCUSING
    2. 2.2 POWER DETECTION AND RECEIVER FIELD OF VIEW
    3. 2.3 DETECTOR FIELD EXPANSIONS
    4. 2.4 FOCUSING RANDOM FIELDS
    5. 2.5 OPTICAL FILTERS
    6. 2.6 BACKGROUND RADIATION
    7. 2.7 EXTENDED SIGNAL SOURCES
    8. PROBLEMS
    9. REFERENCES
  10. 3: PHOTO DETECTION
    1. 3.1 THE PHOTODETECTION PROCESS
    2. 3.2 PHOTODETECTORS
    3. 3.3 COUNTING STATISTICS
    4. 3.4 PHOTOCOUNTING WITH RECEIVER FIELDS
    5. 3.5 COUNTING WITH RANDOM FIELDS
    6. 3.6 PHOTOCOUNTING WITH RANDOM PHOTOMUL TIPLICATION
    7. 3.7 SHOT NOISE PROCESSES
    8. 3.8 SPECTRAL DENSITY OF SHOT NOISE
    9. PROBLEMS
    10. REFERENCES
  11. 4: NONCOHERENT (DIRECT) DETECTION
    1. 4.1 THE NONCOHERENT COMMUNICATION SYSTEM MODEL
    2. 4.2 DIRECT DETECTION RECEIVER MODEL
    3. 4.3 SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO IN DIRECT DETECTION RECEIVERS
    4. 4.4 OPTIMAL PHOTOMULTIPLICATION GAIN
    5. 4.5 INTENSITY MODULATED SUBCARRIER SYSTEMS
    6. 4.6 POSTDETECTION INTEGRATION
    7. 4.7 DIRECT DETECTION WITH MULTIMODE SIGNALS
    8. 4.8 OPTIMAL COLLECTION OF MUL TIMODE SIGNAL POWER
    9. PROBLEMS
    10. REFERENCES
  12. 5: COHERENT (HETERODYNE) DETECTION
    1. 5.1 THE HETERODYNE RECEIVER
    2. 5.2 HETERODYNE SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIOS
    3. 5.3 DEMODULATED SIGNAL-TO-NOISE RATIO FOLLOWING OPTICAL HETERODYNING
    4. 5.4 THE ALIGNMENT AND FIELD-MATCHING PROBLEM
    5. 5.5 MULTIMODE HETERODYNING
    6. 5.6 HETERODYNING WITH RANDOM SIGNAL FIELDS
    7. PROBLEMS
    8. REFERENCES
  13. 6: OPTICAL DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS
    1. 6.1 BINARY DIGITAL OPTICAL SYSTEMS
    2. 6.2 ON–OFF KEYING
    3. 6.3 MANCHESTER PULSED SIGNALS
    4. 6.4 DIGITAL SUBCARRIER INTENSITY-MODULATED SYSTEMS
    5. 6.5 DIGITAL SIGNALING WITH HETERODYNE DETECTION
    6. 6.6 BLOCK ENCODING AND PULSE POSITION MODULATION
    7. 6.7 CHANNEL CODING WITH PULSE POSITION MODULATION
    8. 6.8 TIMING ERROR EFFECTS IN PULSED OPTICAL SYSTEMS
    9. 6.9 CLOCK SYNCHRONIZATION WITH PULSED OPTICS
    10. PROBLEMS
    11. REFERENCES
  14. 7: FIBEROPTIC COMMUNICATIONS
    1. 7.1 FIBER POWER FLOW AND DISPERSION
    2. 7.2 DISPERSION AND PULSE SHAPING IN FIBERS UNDERGOING DIFFUSION
    3. 7.3 PULSE STRETCHING AND BANDWIDTH LIMITATIONS IN MULTIMODE FIBERS
    4. 7.4 COMMUNICATION LINK MODELS FOR THE FIBER CHANNEL
    5. 7.5 RADIO FREQUENCY CARRIER TRANSMISSION OVER FIBER
    6. 7.6 OPTICAL AMPLIFIERS IN FIBER LINKS
    7. 7.7 DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS OVER FIBERS
    8. 7.8 COHERENT COMMUNICATIONS OVER FIBERS
    9. PROBLEMS
    10. REFERENCES
  15. 8: FIBER NETWORKS
    1. 8.1 FIBER NETWORK INTERCONNECTION ELEMENTS
    2. 8.2 NETWORK ARCHITECTURES
    3. 8.3 OPTICAL MULTIPLE ACCESSING
    4. 8.4 WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXED NETWORKS
    5. 8.5 TIME DIVISION MULTIPLEXED NETWORKS
    6. 8.6 CODE DIVISION MULTIPLEXED NETWORKS
    7. 8.7 OPTICAL CIRCUIT SWITCHED NETWORKS
    8. PROBLEMS
    9. REFERENCES
  16. 9: THE ATMOSPHERIC OPTICAL CHANNEL
    1. 9.1 THE ATMOSPHERIC CHANNEL
    2. 9.2 EFFECT OF THE ATMOSPHERE ON OPTICAL BEAMS
    3. 9.3 EFFECT OF ATMOSPHERE ON DIRECT DETECTION RECEIVERS
    4. 9.4 HETERODYNING OVER THE ATMOSPHERIC CHANNEL
    5. 9.5 ATMOSPHERIC PULSE SPREADING
    6. PROBLEMS
    7. REFERENCES
  17. 10: POINTING, ACQUISITION, AND TRACKING IN SPACE OPTICS
    1. 10.1 THE OPTICAL POINTING PROBLEM
    2. 10.2 SPATIAL ACQUISITION
    3. 10.3 SPATIAL TRACKING
    4. 10.4 DOUBLE-ENDED OPTICAL BEAM TRACKING
    5. 10.5 EFFECT OF BEAM TRACKING ON DATA TRANSMISSION
    6. PROBLEMS
    7. REFERENCES
  18. INDEX