By default, not all packages are loaded into R. If you try to use a function from a package that hasn’t been loaded, you’ll get an error:
> # try to use
rpartbefore loading it > fit <- rpart(Kyphosis ~ Age + Number + Start, data=kyphosis) Error: could not find function "rpart"
To load a package in R, you can use the
library() command. For example, to load the package
rpart (which contains functions for building
recursive partition trees), you would use the following command:
(There is a similar command,
require(), that takes slightly different
arguments. For more about
the R help files.)
If you’re more comfortable using a GUI, you can browse for packages
and load them using the GUI. If you choose to use this interface to find
packages, make sure that you include the appropriate
library command with your scripts to prevent
On Microsoft Windows, you can use the
library function to load packages.
Alternatively, you can select “Load package” from the Packages menu in
the GUI. This will bring up a window showing a list of packages that you
can choose to load.
The Mac OS X R environment is a little fancier than the
other versions. Like the other versions, you can use the
library() function. Otherwise, you can select
Package Manager from the “Packages
& Data” menu. The Package Manager UI, as shown in Figure 4-1, lets you see which packages are
loaded, load packages, and even browse the help file for a
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