6.1. Introduction

Recently there is huge interest in XML. XML has been recognized as an adequate format for data exchange for Internet applications, because XML is portable across computers and applications and independent of existing databases and programming languages. First-class support for XML is a requirement for modern information platforms for the Web. Since XML documents must be held persistently, the relevance of XML has passed over to the area of databases that have to care for the adequate storage and handling of documents.

Much research and development effort has been focused recently on so-called “native” XML databases like Tamino (Schöning and Wäsch 2000), which promise optimized storage and retrieval of XML documents. Although ...

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