Chapter 8

IONIC EQUILIBRIUM

Chapter Highlights
Arrhenius theory, Ostwald dilution law, Ionic product of water, pH value, Buffer, Solubility and Solubility product, Salt hydrolysis, Concept of acid and base and various levels of multiple-choice questions.
IONIC EQUILIBRIUM
TYPES OF SUBSTANCES

Substances can be classified into following two types, viz., non-eletrolytes and electrolytes.

Non-electrolytes

Non-electrolytes do not conduct electricity in aqueous solution or molten state, for example, solution of urea, glucose, sugar, glycerine.

Electrolytes

Electrolytes conduct electricity in aqu ous solution or molten state, for example, NaCl. These can be further divided into following types:

Strong electrolytes

These get strongly ionized in water, ...

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