CHAPTER 26

Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Halogens (X)

Chapter Highlights

Nature of C-X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes, nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, reactivity of C-X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes.

Some commercially important compounds: dichloro, trichloro and tetrachloromethanes; p-dichlorobenzene, freons, BHC, DDT, their uses and important reactions.

HALOALKANES AND HALOARENES
HALOALKANES

Haloalkanes are the halogen deivatives of hydrocarbons and these are of the following types depending upon the number of hydrogen atoms present in them.

Monohalides (R–X)

Monohalides are the monohalogen derivatives of alkanes having a general formula CnH2n+1 X and are ...

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