CHAPTER 24

General Organic Chemistry II

Chapter Highlights

Covalent bond fission–Homolytic and Heterolytic: Free radicals, carbocations and carbanions. Stability of carbocations and free radicals. Electrophiles and nucleophiles. Electron displacement in a covalent bond–inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance. Common types of organic reactions—substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement reactions, illustrations with examples and various levels multiple-choice questions.

REACTION INTERMEDIATES AND REACTION MECHANISMS
BOND FISSION
  • Bond fission is the process of breaking of covalent bonds present in organic molecules.
  • It occurs in the following two ways:

Homolytic Fission or Homolysis

  • Bond fission occurs symmetrically in ...

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