CHAPTER 27

Alcohol, Phenol, Ether

Chapter Highlights

Alcohols and phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; chemical reactivity of phenols in electrophilic substitutions, acidic nature of phenol, ethers: electronic structure, structure of functional group, nomenclature, important methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, some commercially important compounds.

ALCOHOLS, PHENOL AND ETHER
ALCOHOLS
  • Alcohols are hydroxy derivatives of alkanes or alkyl derivatives of water with a general formula R–OH.

Types of Alcohols

Alcohols are of following types:

Monohydric alcohols

These are alcohols with only one –OH group. Their general formula is Cn H2n + 1 OH.

 

They are further divided in following ...

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