Chapter 31

Biomolecules and Biological Processes

Chapter Highlights

Carbohydrates: Classification, aldose and ketose, monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); important simple chemical reactions of glucose, elementary idea of structure of pentose and hexose.

Proteins: Elementary idea of α-amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins; primary, secondary and tertiary structure of proteins and quaternary structure (gualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins: Classification and functions

Nucleic acids: Chemical composition of DNA and RNA

Lipids: Classification and structure

Hormones: Classification and functions in biosystem.. ...

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