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Understanding the Network: A Practical Guide to Internetworking by Martin J. Michael

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Chapter 3. The Networker's Guide to AppleTalk, IPX, and NetBIOS

Until the early 1990s, TCP/IP was really only prevalent in large government and research facilities where UNIX and other supercomputing operating systems used it as a common network communications protocol. When PCs came into the picture, they were not networked. Rather, they were used either as front-ends to big micro or mainframe systems (IBM was a big fan of this approach) or as standalone systems. In the early 1980s, as PCs grew in number and in performance, three strategies emerged to provide PCs with networking services: AppleTalk, Novell NetWare, and IBM's NetBIOS.

The goal of this chapter is to give you an understanding of the various protocols that make up the protocol ...

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