NOTES

CHAPTER 1

1.     See Fortune’s annual articles on “America’s Most Admired Companies” and “Corporate Reputations.”

2.     See Loomis 1993, 36–42.

3.     See Sager 1995b, 116–120; and Sherman, 1994.

4.     See Abrahamson, 1996.

5.     We build on substantial research on innovation and change, including Burgelman, 1991; Christensen and Bower, 1996; Eisenhardt and Tabrizi, 1995; Foster, 1985; Henderson, forthcoming; Hurst, 1995; Iansiti and Clark, 1994; Leonard-Barton, 1995; Morone, 1993; Nadler and Tushman, forthcoming; Utterback, 1994; and Van de Ven, Angle, and Poole, 1989.

6.     The following account draws on Morison, 1966.

7.     Lublin and Markels 1995, 131.

CHAPTER 2

1.     See Foster, 1986.

2.     For an extensive discussion of the ...

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