Technically, and as explained previously, the first mile access problem concerns providing high-speed access to end users. Two rapid developments caused the first mile problem:
High-speed network cores
The products and services in these industry segments have expanded (and matured) significantly, driven by developments in the telco and computer industries. Gigahertz-rate-capable computers have become an easily obtained commodity and are increasingly seen on the desks of end users. The rapid surge in Internet traffic led to service providers and carriers buying and installing in the core of networks high-speed (Gbps rate) equipment manufactured by vendors, such as Cisco, Nortel, ...