4.5 Formal Context

The Accompanying Systems, Whole Product System, and System Boundary

Another way to analyze and understand systems is by taking increasingly broader or more holistic views of the system and its context. This is an application of the Principle of Holism (see Box 2.5). We will see that it is useful to take two increasingly holistic views of a system, which we will call the whole product system and the use context.

Expanding outward from the product/system, the first level of context we encounter includes the other objects that are not part of the product/system but are essential for the system to deliver value. We call these the accompanying systems. The sum of the product/system and the accompanying systems is called the whole ...

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