Chapter 39

Titling the Text

This exercise promotes peoples' serious engagement with a piece of writing. Instead of having to summarize key ideas they suggest titles for the text (which is left deliberately untitled).


  • To give people practice in reading, analyzing, and discussing a text very closely
  • To identify the main ideas in a text and to justify their selection

How It Works

  • Participants are given a short untitled article of about seven hundred words—roughly the length of a typical op-ed column—to read on their own.
  • Individually they make a few notes about the main idea of the article and think about a possible title for the article.
  • In groups of five or six, each member proposes a title and describes how this reflects the ...

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