1.1 Probability and Bayes’ Theorem

1.1.1 Notation

The notation will be kept simple as possible, but it is useful to express statements about probability in the language of set theory. You probably know most of the symbols undermentioned, but if you do not you will find it easy enough to get the hang of this useful shorthand. We consider sets of elements and we use the word ‘iff’ to mean ‘if and only if’. Then we write

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