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Embedded Systems Architecture by Daniele Lacamera

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I2C

I2C is slightly more complex, and that is because it is designed with a different purpose in mind: interconnecting multiple microcontrollers, as well as multiple slave devices, on the same two-wire bus. The two signals are serial clock (SCL) and serial data (SDA). Unlike SPI or UART, the bus is half-duplex, as the two directions of the flow share the same signal. Thanks to a 7-bit slave-addressing mechanism incorporated in the protocol, it does not require additional signals dedicated to the selection of the slaves. Multiple masters are allowed on the same line, given that all the masters in the system follow the arbitration logic in the case of bus contention.

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