This chapter is about the repository and the projects stored in it. If you want a quick guide to creating an initial repository, see the instructions in Chapter 2.
Topics covered in this chapter include repository creation, configuration, security, backup, and recovery. This chapter also covers the structure of the repository and the sandbox, the file locking CVS uses internally, how to edit the repository manually, and the CVS administrative files and environment variables.
CVS uses the term
CVSROOT in two different ways.
As the environment variable, it refers to the root directory of the
repository. However, inside the repository is a directory called
CVSROOT. To avoid confusion, this chapter never
refers to the root directory of the repository as
CVSROOT, and, except when mentioning the
environment variable, this chapter uses the term solely to refer to
CVSROOT subdirectory of the repository root
If your repository is in
/var/lib/cvs is the repository root directory
/var/lib/cvs/CVSROOT is the
repository root directory and the administrative
files should be owned by a user made specifically for CVS; typically,
the user is named
cvs. This reduces the damage a
malicious or careless user can do to the repository, as long as they
To create a repository, create the repository root directory on the computer that will act as the CVS ...