6.7 Thermodynamics of Solutions

The following terminologies are used in describing properties of solutions. We shall describe the properties of binary solutions.

Molar concentration: It is measured by number of moles of solute in 1 litre of solution. We shall represent molar concentration by CR

Molal concentration: It is measured by number of moles of solute in 1,000 gm of solvent. We shall represent molal concentration by CL.

Molar fraction: Molar fraction or mole fraction of a particular component in a solution is the ratio of the number of moles of this component to the total number of moles present in the solution. We shall represent this by CF.

Mass fraction: Mass fraction of a particular component in the solution is the ratio of mass of ...

Get Heat and Thermodynamics now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.