Understanding default parameters

Many times, we may pass certain parameters from the command line, but, sometimes, we may not pass any parameters at all. We may need to initialize certain default values to certain variables.

We will review this concept through the following script.

Create script default_argument_1.sh, as follows:

#!/bin/bash 
MY_PARAM=${1:-default} 
echo $MY_PARAM 

Execute the script and check the output:

$ chmod +x default_argument_1.sh One$ ./default_argument_1.sh OneOne$ ./default_argument_1.shdefault

Create another default_argument_2.sh script:

#!/bin/bash 
variable1=$1 
variable2=${2:-$variable1} 
echo $variable1 
echo $variable2 

The output is as follows:

We executed the script two times:

  1. When we passed two arguments, then ...

Get Learning Linux Shell Scripting - Second Edition now with O’Reilly online learning.

O’Reilly members experience live online training, plus books, videos, and digital content from 200+ publishers.