The two buttons on the Text tool’s controls bar allow you to set the direction of the text flow—either horizontal (default) or vertical. This feature is primarily intended for writing in languages that prefer vertical direction (such as Japanese), but it can be used for text objects in any language, if necessary:
Figure 15-9. Text direction
Inkscape’s vertical text mode currently has a number of deficiencies if used for writing Japanese tategaki; for instance, choonpu are not rotated, and punctuation is often strangely positioned.
Each text object has a certain alignment: left (default), right, or ...