- 6.1 POLARIZATION OF LIGHT
- 6.2 REFLECTION AND REFRACTION
- 6.3 OPTICS OF ANISOTROPIC MEDIA
- 6.4 OPTICAL ACTIVITY AND MAGNETO-OPTICS
- 6.5 OPTICS OF LIQUID CRYSTALS
- 6.6 POLARIZATION DEVICES
The French physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel (1788–1827) put forth a transverse wave theory of light. Equations describing the partial reflection and refraction of light are named in his honor. Fresnel also made important contributions to the theory of light diffraction.
Sir George Gabriel Stokes (1819–1903), an Irish mathematician and physicist, developed a description of light that encompasses intensity as well as state of polarization. He also made seminal contributions to wave optics, fluorescence, and optical aberrations.
The polarization of light at a given position in space is determined by the path taken by its electric-field vector ε(r,t) in time. In a simple medium, this ...