O'Reilly logo

Python Programming On Win32 by Mark Hammond, Andy Robinson

Stay ahead with the world's most comprehensive technology and business learning platform.

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required

Comparisons

Comparison operations are supported by all objects. They have the same priority (which is higher than that of the boolean operations). Comparisons can be chained arbitrarily, e.g., x < y <= z is equivalent to x < y and y <= z, except that y is evaluated only once (but in both cases z is not evaluated at all when x < y is found to be false).

The following table summarizes the comparison operations.

Operation

Meaning

Notes

<

Strictly less than

 
<=

Less than or equal

 
>

Strictly greater than

 
>=

Greater than or equal

 
==

Equal

 
<>

Not equal

1

!=

Not equal

1

Is

Object identity

 
is not

Negated object identity

 

Notes

  1. <> and != are alternate spellings for the same operator. (We couldn’t choose between ABC and C!)

Objects of different types, except different numeric types, never compare equal; such objects are ordered consistently but arbitrarily (so that sorting a heterogeneous array yields a consistent result). Furthermore, some types (e.g., windows) support only a degenerate notion of comparison where any two objects of that type are unequal. Again, such objects are ordered arbitrarily but consistently.

Implementation note: objects of different types except numbers are ordered by their type names; objects of the same types that don’t support proper comparison are ordered by their address.

Two more operations with the same syntactic priority, "in" and "not in", are supported only by sequence types, see the later section Sequence Types .

With Safari, you learn the way you learn best. Get unlimited access to videos, live online training, learning paths, books, interactive tutorials, and more.

Start Free Trial

No credit card required