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Linux in a Nutshell, Fourth Edition by Aaron Weber, Stephen Figgins, Ellen Siever

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Name

ls

Synopsis

                  ls [options] [names]

List contents of directories. If no names are given, list the files in the current directory. With one or more names, list files contained in a directory name or that match a file name. names can include filename metacharacters. The options let you display a variety of information in different formats. The most useful options include -F, -R, -l, and -s. Some options don’t make sense together (e.g., -u and -c).

Options

-1, --format=single-column

Print one entry per line of output.

-a, --all

List all files, including the normally hidden files whose names begin with a period.

-b, --escape

Display nonprinting characters in octal and alphabetic format.

-c, --time-ctime, --time=status

List files by status change time (not creation/modification time).

--color = when

Colorize the names of files depending on the type of file. Accepted values for when are never, always, or auto.

-d, --directory

Report only on the directory, not its contents.

-f

Print directory contents in exactly the order in which they are stored, without attempting to sort them.

--full-time

List times in full, rather than use the standard abbreviations.

-g

Long listing like -l, but don’t show file owners.

-h

Print sizes in kilobytes and megabytes.

--help

Print a help message and then exit.

-i, --inode

List the inode for each file.

--indicator-style=none

Display filenames without the flags assigned by -p or -f (default).

-k, --kilobytes

If file sizes are being listed, print them in kilobytes. ...

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