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Linux in a Nutshell, Fourth Edition by Aaron Weber, Stephen Figgins, Ellen Siever

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Name

umount

Synopsis

                  umount [options] [directory|special-device]

System administration command. Unmount a filesystem. umount announces to the system that the removable file structure previously mounted on the specified directory is to be removed. umount also accepts the special-device to indicate the filesystem to be unmounted; however, this usage is obsolete and will fail if the device is mounted on more than one directory. Any pending I/O for the filesystem is completed, and the file structure is flagged as clean. A busy filesystem cannot be unmounted.

Options

-a

Unmount all filesystems that are listed in /etc/mtab.

-d

If the unmounted device was a loop device, free the loop device too. See also the losetup command.

-f

Force the unmount. This option requires kernel 2.1.116 or later.

-h

Print help message and exit.

-l

Lazy unmount. Detach the filesystem from the hierarchy immediately, but don’t clean up references until it is no longer busy. Requires kernel 2.4.11 or later.

-n

Unmount, but do not record changes in /etc/mtab.

-O options

Unmount only filesystems with the specified options in /etc/fstab. Specify multiple options as a comma-separated list. Add no as a prefix to an option to indicate filesystems that should not be unmounted.

-r

If unmounting fails, try to remount read-only.

-t type

Unmount only filesystems of type type. Multiple types can be specified as a comma-separated list, and any type can be prefixed with no to specify that filesystems of that type should not be ...

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