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Mastering Internet of Things by Peter Waher

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Understanding relays

Relays, simply put, are electric switches that we can control using a small output signal. They're perfect for small controllers, like Raspberry Pi, to switch other circuits with higher voltages on and off. The simplest example is to use a relay to switch a lamp on and off. We can't light the lamp using the voltage available to us in Raspberry Pi, but we can use a relay as a switch to control the lamp.

The principal part of a normal relay is a coil. When electricity runs through it, it magnetizes an iron core, which in turn moves a lever from the Normally Closed (NC) connector to the Normally Open (NO) connector. When electricity is cut, a spring returns the lever from the NO connector to the NC connector. This movement ...

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