Further Reading

Furse C, Durney DH, Cristensen DA (2009) Basic Introduction to Bioelectromagnetics. CRC Press.

Gandhi OP (2002) Electromagnetic Fields: Human Safety Issues. Annu. Rev. Biomed. Eng. Vol. 4, pp. 211–34.

Griffiths DJ (2008) Introduction to Electrodynamics. Prentice Hall International.

ICNIRP (1998) Guidelines For Limiting Exposure to time-varying Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields (up to 300 GHz). International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection.

Kark K (2010) Antennen und Strahlungsfelder. Vieweg.

Leuchtmann P (2005) Einfuehrung in die elektromagnetische Feldtheorie. Pearson.

Schwab A (2002) Begriffswelt der Feldtheorie. Springer.

Schwartz M (1987) Principles of Electrodynamics. Dover Pubn Inc.

1 The concept of point charges assumes that the charge is located at a singular point in space.

2 This is true for the electrostatic case that we are discussing here. We will see later that there can be closed electric field lines under time-varying conditions.

3 The gradient operator can be written using the Nabla operator (grad ϕ = ∇ϕ). Both forms are common [3].

4 Unfortunately the term polarization is also used in the context of plane waves and antennas with a completely different meaning. We will discuss plane waves in Section 2.5.1.

5 This equation is only valid for a current that is constant in time and a current density distribution that is homogeneous over the cross-section area. If we consider time-varying fields the so called skin effect ...

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