CHAPTER TWENTY-ONE

CREATIVITY IN THE OUTCOMES OF CONFLICTa

Peter J. Carnevale

It were not best that we should all think alike; it is difference of opinion that makes horse races.

—Mark Twain, “The Tragedy of Pudd’nhead Wilson”

How does creativity play out in social conflict? Just like Mark Twain’s observation about difference of opinion and interesting horse races, it is difference of interest, and how difference is handled, that makes interesting solutions to social conflict. If creativity is applied to the handling of differences, the outcome might very well be a mutually beneficial, integrative agreement; but creativity can be applied just as well to contentiousness, pursuit of selfish interests, and asymmetric outcomes. In this chapter, my ...

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