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MPLS Fundamentals by Luc De Ghein - CCIE No. 1897

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Label Switch Router

A label switch router (LSR) is a router that supports MPLS. It is capable of understanding MPLS labels and of receiving and transmitting a labeled packet on a data link. Three kinds of LSRs exist in an MPLS network:

  • Ingress LSRs— Ingress LSRs receive a packet that is not labeled yet, insert a label (stack) in front of the packet, and send it on a data link.

  • Egress LSRs— Egress LSRs receive labeled packets, remove the label(s), and send them on a data link. Ingress and egress LSRs are edge LSRs.

  • Intermediate LSRs— Intermediate LSRs receive an incoming labeled packet, perform an operation on it, switch the packet, and send the packet on the correct data link.

An LSR can do the three operations: pop, push, or swap.

It must be ...

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