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MPLS Fundamentals by Luc De Ghein - CCIE No. 1897

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Hierarchical VPLS

With Hierarchical VPLS (H-VPLS), the PE routers are no longer directly attached to the customer equipment. Hierarchy is introduced by adding another layer in the access layer toward the customer equipment. H-VPLS has two forms:

  • H-VPLS with dot1q tunneling in the access layer

  • H-VPLS with MPLS in the access layer

Figure 11-7 shows H-VPLS.

Figure 11-7. H-VPLS

There are now N-PE and U-PE routers. The N-PE routers are network-facing PE routers, whereas the U-PE routers are user-facing PE routers. The hierarchy provides the benefits of less signaling in the MPLS core network and less packet replication on the ...

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