TIP: The cost of an investment includes the acquisition price and any incidental costs to acquire the investment.
TIP: When more than one investment is sold during the period, the resulting realized gains and losses are usually netted on the income statement; thus, the gain of $682 and the loss of $511 above would net to a gain of $171 for reporting purposes.
Approach and Explanation: Draw T-accounts, post the journal entries and balance the relevant accounts as follows:
TIP: For non-trading securities, the unrealized gain or loss account is carried forward to future periods (that is, it is not closed); thus, at each future balance sheet date, it is adjusted with the fair value adjustment account to show the difference between cost and fair value at that time.
(c) If the stock was classified as a long-term investment and the cost method was used to account for it (because Jan Larson does not have significant influence over PW), the answers to (a) and ...