In an imaging workflow there are four primary areas where you need to make informed file format decisions: in the camera, with the software, with the output, and when storing your master image files. If you've ever looked at the list of possible file formats you can save an image file in, you may have felt overwhelmed by the long list of names and acronyms. We have. Fortunately, you only really need to know about a few standard formats to work efficiently and maintain image quality.
In the Camera
There are three basic file format options available to you when working with a digital camera. Each has its strengths and weaknesses, and each can impact the final image quality.
The major advantage of the JPEG format is convenience. ...