The Manga Guide to the Universe. Copyright © 2011 by Kenji Ishikawa, Kiyoshi Kawabata, and Verte Corp.
The Manga Guide to the Universe is a translation of the Japanese original, Manga de wakaru uchu, published by
Ohmsha, Ltd. of Tokyo, Japan, © 2008 by Kenji Ishikawa, Kiyoshi Kawabata, and Verte Corp.
This English edition is co-published by No Starch Press, Inc. and Ohmsha, Ltd.
All rights reserved. No part of this work may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic
or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without the prior
written permission of the copyright owner and the publisher.
Printed in Canada
15 14 13 12 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
ISBN-10: 1-59327-267-7
ISBN-13: 978-1-59327-267-8
Publisher: William Pollock
Supervising Editor: Kiyoshi Kawabata
Author: Kenji Ishikawa
Illustrator: Yutaka Hiiragi
Producer: Verte Corp.
Production Editors: Ansel Staton and Serena Yang
Developmental Editor: Tyler Ortman
Translator: Arnie Rusoff
Technical Reviewers: Adam Blythe Smith and Kebra Ward
Compositor: Riley Hoffman
Copyeditor: Paula L. Fleming
Indexer: BIM Indexing & Proofreading Services
For information on book distributors or translations, please contact No Starch Press, Inc. directly:
No Starch Press, Inc.
38 Ringold Street, San Francisco, CA 94103
phone: 415.863.9900; fax: 415.863.9950; info@nostarch.com; http://www.nostarch.com/
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Kawabata, Kiyoshi, 1940-
[Manga de wakaru uchu. English]
The manga guide to the universe / by Kiyoshi Kawabata, Kenji Ishikawa, and Verte Corp.
p. cm.
Includes index.
ISBN-13: 978-1-59327-267-8
ISBN-10: 1-59327-267-7
1. Cosmology--Comic books, strips, etc. 2. Graphic novels. I. Ishikawa, Kenji, 1958- II. Verte Corp. III. Title.
QB982.K3913 2010
523.1--dc22
2009023969
No Starch Press and the No Starch Press logo are registered trademarks of No Starch Press, Inc. Other product and
company names mentioned herein may be the trademarks of their respective owners. Rather than use a trademark
symbol with every occurrence of a trademarked name, we are using the names only in an editorial fashion and to the
benefit of the trademark owner, with no intention of infringement of the trademark.
The information in this book is distributed on an “As Is” basis, without warranty. While every precaution has been
taken in the preparation of this work, neither the author nor No Starch Press, Inc. shall have any liability to any person
or entity with respect to any loss or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by the information
contained in it.
All characters in this publication are fictitious, and any resemblance to real persons, living or dead, is purely coincidental.
Contents
Foreword................................................................ xi
Preface.................................................................. xiii
Prologue
A Tale That Begins onthe Mn ....................................... 1
The Story of Kaguya-hime ...................................................... 10
Cosmic Myths ................................................................ 18
Ancient Indias View of the Universe ........................................... 18
Ancient Egypt’s View of the Universe .......................................... 18
Ancient Babylonias View of the Universe ....................................... 19
In China, Where Astronomy Was Originally Developed................................. 19
In Ancient Greece, Where the Size of Earth Was Calculated ............................ 20
Eratosthenes’ Calculation Method............................................. 20
If Earth Is Round, the Moon Must Be Round Too..................................... 21
1
Is Earth the Center ofthe Universe? ............................... 23
A Mysterious Light Appeared in the Sky............................................ 24
Close Encounters ............................................................. 27
Does the Sun Revolve Around Earth? ............................................. 34
A Heliocentric Model Was Proposed 2,300 Years Ago ................................. 40
From the Geocentric Theory to the Heliocentric Theory ............................... 50
Galileos Discoveries—and Trial ................................................... 56
Putting Things in Perspective .................................................... 59
What Is the Approximate Distance to the Horizon? ................................... 66
Measuring the Size of the Universe: How Far to the Moon? ............................ 67
Corner Cube Mirrors ....................................................... 67
How a Corner Cube Mirror Works............................................. 67
Before the Corner Cube Prism ............................................... 68
Geocentric Theory vs. Heliocentric Theory—the Outcome of a Battle Royale ............... 69
What Kind of Orbit Did a Planet Trace in the Geocentric Theory? .................... 70
The Tychonic System That Embellished the Geocentric Theory ...................... 70
Just How Progressive Was Copernicus? ........................................ 71
Kepler Completed the Heliocentric Theory ...................................... 72
What Did Galileo Do? ...................................................... 72
What Has the Heliocentric Theory Taught Us? ................................... 73
A Somewhat Complicated Explanation of Kepler’s Laws ............................... 73
First Law: The Orbit of Every Planet Is an Ellipse with the Sun at the Focus ........... 73
Second Law: A Line Joining a Planet and the Sun Sweeps Out Equal Areas
During Equal Intervals of Time ........................................... 75
Third Law: The Square of the Orbital Period of a Planet Is Directly Proportional
to the Cube of the Semimajor Axis of Its Orbit ............................... 77

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