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Web Technology: Theory and Practice by M. Srinivasan

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1.9 WEB SERVERS

Essentially, how are the web pages of a website hosted and made available to all clients 24×7? The simplest answer is a web server.

In the web context, the term server applies in different ways and relates to a piece of software rather than hardware. In a generic sense, a server refers to different contexts, performing different roles – a database server primarily hosts an RDBMS; a front-end server takes care of routing requests. Likewise a web server takes care of handling web requests. It does not matter whether these roles are served in the same physical hardware or distributed across multiple machines or even if a single role requires multiple machines to perform.

In its simplest sense, a web server is a software program that ...

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