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Web Technology: Theory and Practice by M. Srinivasan

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1.2 A PEEK INTO THE HISTORY OF THE WEB

The history goes back to the packet switching technology first used when two computers talked to each other (Figure 1.1). Multiple nodes operate independently thus reducing impact in case of point failures. Thus TCP/IP was developed. A few big companies like Cisco are specialized in networking technology and is a big science by itself. The first generation of the web was in the form of private networks. The networks were shared within the defence. Another set of networks (SURANET, etc.) was within the university campus. Here are some trivia bit of information:

  • DARPA creates ARPANET – 1968
  • First set of nodes connecting universities among UCLA, Stanford, and University of Utah – 1970
  • First E-Mail sent – 1972 ...

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