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A Practical Guide to Red Hat® Linux® 8 by Mark G. Sobell

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Appendix A. Regular Expressions

IN THIS APPENDIX

Characters

Delimiters

Simple Strings

Special Characters

Rules

Bracketing Expressions

The Replacement String

Extended Regular Expressions

A regular expression defines a set of one or more strings of characters. Several of the GNU/Linux utilities, including vi, emacs, grep, gawk, and sed, use regular expressions to search for and replace strings. A simple string of characters is a regular expression that defines one string of characters: itself. A more complex regular expression uses letters, numbers, and special characters to define many different strings of characters. A regular expression is said to match any string it defines.

This appendix describes the regular expressions used by ed, vi, emacs,

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