I promised to explain why ColdFusion files are often referred to as templates. Chapter 1, “Introducing ColdFusion,” explains that ColdFusion pages are processed differently from Web pages. When requested, Web pages are sent to the client (the browser) as is, whereas ColdFusion files are processed and the generated results are returned to the client instead.
In other words, ColdFusion files are never sent to the client, but what they create is. And depending on what a ColdFusion file contains, it likely will generate multiple different outputs all from that same single .cfm file—thus the term template.