RL as a Markov decision process

Markov decision process (MDP) is a mathematical framework for modeling decisions. We can use it to describe the RL problem. We'll assume that we work with a full knowledge of the environment. An MDP provides a formal definition of the properties we defined in the previous section (and adds some new ones):

  •    is the finite set of all possible environment states, and st is the state at time t. 
  •   is the set of all possible actions, and at is the action at time t
  •   is the dynamics of the environment (also known ...

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