WATER SUPPLY AND WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS, STANDARDS, AND GUIDANCE
VANESSA M. LEIBY
The Cadmus Group, Inc., Damascus, Maryland
A number of governing authorities pertain to drinking water and wastewater utilities, collectively known as the Water Sector. Most provide broad environmental authority that may support security-related activities and initiatives; some specifically address homeland security. Existing authorities provide for public health and environmental protection measures; identify and regulate hazardous chemical, radiological, and biological substances; provide for worker safety; and ensure that the public receives information about water quality and chemical hazards. These laws also provide enforcement authorities for the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state primacy agencies and permitting authorities that implement many of EPA’s environmental laws. New security-related directives and authorities address collection of asset-specific information, further promote information sharing and protection, require vulnerability assessments and development of emergency response plans (ERPs) for certain sizes of community water systems (CWSs), and encourage or require identification of protective strategies and implementation of protective programs. Unless otherwise noted, the authorities identified in this article apply to drinking water and wastewater utilities. Pertinent authorities will be described in several broad categories: (i) presidential ...