The transportation problem is a special type of linear programming problem where the objective is to minimise the cost of distributing a product from a number of sources or origins to a number of destinations. Because of its special structure the usual simplex method is not suitable for solving transportation problems. These problems require a special method of solution. The origin of a transportation problem is the location from which shipments are despatched. The destination of a transportation problem is the location to which shipments are transported. The unit transportation cost is the cost of transporting one unit of the consignment from an origin to a destination.

In the most general form, a transportation ...

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