THERE ARE A broad range of lenses available today for most DSLRs. Many of these can be used in close-up photography. Some have, what is termed, a ‘macro mode’, or close focus capability. However, the reproduction ratio is usually low; around 1:4 life-size at the most. The overall sharpness and performance are not comparable with a true macro lens, which is designed to deliver its optimum performance when used in close-up. However, if you are on a budget and photograph close-ups, occasionally you can still take some great images with modest-priced accessories such as close-up lenses and extension tubes which allow the lens to focus closer than normal.

Since the digital revolution, all of the modern lenses manufactured ...

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